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Wednesday, 9 January 2013

'Tunnel Railway' Tunnel and ARP Shelter, Ramsgate - January 2013

My current renewed vigour for exploring continues with a report on this behemoth that lies below Ramsgate. Big thanks to Stealth for tipping me off about it and going in with me.



Some history:
The Tunnel Railway (also known as the Ramsgate Cliff Railway, the Ramsgate Tunnel Railway, the Ramsgate Underground Railway and the World Scenic Railway) was an underground railway in Ramsgate, Kent, England. Following the restructuring of railway lines in Ramsgate in 1926 the section of line between Broadstairs and Ramsgate Harbour including the tunnel was abandoned. This narrow-gauge railway was opened in 1936 to connect tourist attractions and shops near Ramsgate harbour with the new railway main line at Dumpton Park.

Except for its two stations—one at each end of the tunnel—the line ran entirely underground. 



The line was built in less than three months, and on its completion in 1936 was one of the shortest independent railway lines in the country. It was open for only three years before being converted to a major air-raid shelter during World War II. After the war's end, it was not included in the 1948 nationalisation of British railways but remained in private hands.
Passenger numbers fell during the 1960s, and the line became economically nonviable. Following a train crash in 1965, the owners decided to close at the end of September that year. The tunnel still exists, sealed and disused, but no trace of the stations remains.



The tunnel had been open for a little while, with those in the know wisely sitting on this knowledge, letting other explorers know and keeping it quiet. However, some footage of the entrance was made public after Stealth told me that it was open, so it became a race against time before it was sealed again. He checked it was still open before I headed down, which it was, although apparently some chap was taking pictures of the entrance. Once down in Ramsgate Urbex Footsteps was kind enough to pick me up and give us a lift down to the promenade, and next I knew we were inside, after mocking a 'To Be Sealed Within 24 Hours' sign that had been stuck up. 


Once inside we turned left a short way up the main tunnel, into the ARP (Air Raid Precaution) tunnel that went on quite some way. Well, my torches decided to go J.G. Ballard on me for five minutes, so I followed a bit later. My camera also decided that it didn't like the more confined tunnel, so the first half of my shots are a bit screwy, sorry.


More history (sorry for the overload)

The tunnels underneath Ramsgate provided shelter from air raids during the Second World War, a purpose that they had also served the First World War. They consisted primarily of a series of large caves and a disused railway tunnel, that combined could provide shelter for up to 15,000 people. 
It was decided to improve this tunnel system at the outbreak of World War II, as people would clearly try to head for the tunnels from a radius of anything up to two miles. A new tunnel was constructed to lessen the distance that people had to cover to get to shelter. A further 11,000 people could find shelter in this new tunnel.
There were originally 23 entrances to the tunnel complex, with smaller spur tunnels connecting to the main tunnel. Each entrance was fitted with a heavy steel gas proof door. The idea was to close a gas door only in the immediate vicinity of a gas bomb detonation. The remaining gas doors were to be kept open, unless their immediately surrounding area was also contaminated with gas. It was hoped that by keeping doors open in one area of the town, fresh air could still be drawn in from areas not contaminated. It was considered to be highly unlikely that the whole area would be contaminated at any one time. Ventilation in any other circumstance was provided by ten air vents that ran the length of the main tunnel.
Toilets were constructed by cutting recesses into the chalk walls, with the gents’ on one side and ladies on the other. Each recess had two chemical closets. Corrugated asbestos cement partitions and doors were used to try and make cleaning these toilets an easier task……
There were also first aid posts dotted throughout the tunnel, again lined with asbestos. These posts had hot and cold water supplies, a sink and a couch.
Light in the tunnel was provided by a small generating plant that ran on petrol, with a battery set that could provide power for 10 hours should the generator break down. The battery rooms were situated near ventilation shafts to vent the exhaust fumes out of the tunnel.



The above staircase led to an old sealed entrance, of which there were several throughout the tunnel, this one having concrete stairs.


We ventured back to the main tunnel, and further down looked at another old entrance, where this time the stairs had been wooden, and rotted away over time, leaving only the metal pins that held them in place.

 Further down from here we reached the split in the railway tunnel, where a line ran up to the left to Heresdon. Spent quite some time trying to get a shot that I was happy with here, but the main tunnel was an absolute bitch to light. 





The above photo shows the slow incline up to Heresdon, emphatically sealed after several hundred meters. Below is an original light fitting that lined the length of this tunnel. 



Further up the main tunnel is a chimney, and at this point we thought that we saw lights further up the tunnel, so proceeded to investigate.


We got to the end it turned the light we saw was literally the light at the end of the tunnel, with nothing more than rusted bumper cars and the opposite sealed entrance with a few small holes to greet us. 


The cars were originally from the Pleasurama that used to be at the lower end of the tunnel presumable, although how the bilge they ended up about 1,300m away I have no idea.


Whilst there, I couldn't refuse a go on the 'Stealth Mobil' (sic).


Having reached the end, and no other way out, we began the walk back down to the lower entrance. Once almost there we got some shots of the 'Tunnel Railway' sign that used to adorn the lower entrance in better days.



The sign can be seen in original use here, as can the tunnel itself:


Before we made our way out I decided to have another crack at lighting the main tunnel to a degree I was happy with without having to play with the photo afterwards. Queue three attempts at 30 second photos with three reasonably powerful torches going mental.


As we got back to our entrance we could see the light pouring through the hole, and joked about not being sealed in.

Wrong!


Whilst we had been the cheeky blaggards from Thanet District Council came along and stuck mesh over the entrance! Didn't even have the decency to search the place to make sure that there was no one in there. Fortunately it was not sealed very strongly, and we were able to get out. Credit to Stealth for the photo.

So that was that then, a huge great big tunnel, torches and a camera that didn't want to play ball for half an hour, and some twonks trying to entomb us. Isn't Ramsgate lovely?!

Thanks for reading.

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